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Air Canada Held Accountable for Misleading AI Chatbot Advice

Tribunal Orders Airline to Compensate Passenger, Setting Legal Precedent

In a landmark decision, the British Columbia Civil Resolution Tribunal (CRT) has ruled against Air Canada, ordering the airline to pay over CA$650 in damages to Jake Moffat, a customer misled by the airline’s AI-powered chatbot. The case, Moffatt v. Air Canada, is being hailed as a significant development in digital consumer rights and corporate accountability for AI interactions.

The Case at a Glance

Jake Moffat sought to use Air Canada’s bereavement fare for a flight from Vancouver to Toronto following his grandmother’s death. He interacted with the airline’s chatbot for information on availing the reduced fare, following which he was inaccurately informed that he could book his travel immediately and apply for a partial refund retroactively. However, Air Canada later rejected his refund request for not adhering to the prescribed procedure for bereavement fare applications.

Air Canada’s Deflective Argument

In a surprising legal argument, Air Canada contended that it could not be held liable for the misinformation dispensed by its chatbot, implying the chatbot functioned as an independent legal entity. CRT member Christopher Rivers dismissed this argument, emphasizing that the chatbot, being an integral part of Air Canada’s customer service on its official website, makes the airline responsible for the information it provides.

Legal and Technological Implications

This ruling underscores the imperative for companies to ensure accuracy and accountability for the automated systems they employ. Technology lawyer Barry Sookman pointed out that this decision reiterates the longstanding principle of corporate responsibility for public representations, extending it to digital agents like chatbots.

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The CRT’s analysis further highlighted the expectation that information provided by a company’s automated systems should align with official policies and be consistent across all platforms. Rivers critically questioned Air Canada’s distinction between the reliability of its website information over the chatbot’s advice, a differentiation the airline failed to substantiate.

Future Considerations for Businesses

The Moffatt v. Air Canada decision sends a clear message to organizations utilizing AI for customer interactions: ensure that digital and human-delivered information is consistent and accurate. Kirsten Thompson of Dentons Canada advises businesses to implement robust verification processes for their AI communications and to clearly delineate responsibility for AI content in contracts with third-party AI providers.


As AI continues to permeate customer service operations, the Moffatt v. Air Canada case marks a pivotal moment in defining the legal landscape for AI accountability. This ruling not only highlights the growing scrutiny on AI-driven customer service tools but also sets a precedent for how businesses might be held responsible for their AI systems’ actions or misrepresentations. As companies increasingly adopt AI solutions, this case stresses the importance of aligning automated services with established consumer protection standards and legal responsibilities.

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